According to Spanish media, Barcelona now wants him to return a renewal bonus he was paid when he signed a new five-year deal just nine months before forcing through the move.
“The club demands the player return the already paid sum as he has not completed his contract,” it said.
As well as the 8.5m euro bonus, the club wants “an additional 10% because of delayed payment”.
The statement continued: “The club also requests Paris St-Germain take on responsibility for the payment of these fees if the player cannot do so himself.”
The lawsuit was submitted on 11 August to the Labour Tribunal in Barcelona.